One Hundred Poems from the Japanese by Kenneth Rexroth

One_Hundred_Poems_From_the_Japanese

[on pivot words] “The word matsu, for example, is often used in the sense of ‘pine’ and ‘long for’ exactly as in the English ‘pine’ and ‘pine.’ Naku is  used in the double sense of ‘cry’ and ‘without.'”

“Classical Japanese poetry is read in a slow drone, usually a low falsetto; that is, the voice is kept lower and more resonant than its normal pitch, with equal time and stress on each syllable.”

[on “Murasaki”] “Roughly it means ‘purple’ or purple-dyed.’ Actually it is the name of the Lithospermum erythromrhizon, a purple rooted plant of the borage or forget-me-not family. A related species is called ‘puccoon’ in the USA, and was once used as a rather fugitive dye.”

some interesting information from the intro to Rexroth’s One Hundred Poems from the Japanese

Some Prefer Nettles by Junichiro Tanizaki

Some_prefer_nettles

“Ichimura is known as ‘puppet-town,’ and its theater goes back, one hardly knows how many centuries, to a certain court nobleman who was banished from Kyoto and came to live in Ichimura, and who in his boredom with country life took to making puppets and to manipulating them for his own amusement. The famous Aawaji Gennojo family descends from him, it is said.”

“With the heart of Kyoto changing so rapidly, one has to go to Wakayama, Sakai, Himeji, Nishinomiya, to find the old cities as they have always been.”

“A pure white bath or toilet is a piece of Western foolishness. It matters little, you may say, because no one is around to see, but a device that sets your own sewage out in front of your eyes is highly offensive to good taste. How much more proper to dispose of it modestly in as dark and out-of-the-way a corner as you can find.”

some quotes I enjoyed from Tanizaki’s Some Prefer Nettles

Dandelions by Yasunari Kawabata

dandelions

“Can you imagine a baby being so adorable, so utterly adorable that you just keep staring and staring until it dissolves away, and you don’t see it anymore?” asked Kuno.

“To enter the Buddha world is easy; to enter the world of demons is difficult.” (Ikkyu)

“You used to feel sorry for the camellia blossoms when they dropped, so you would gather them up. Put them in envelopes, between the pages of a book. I never once saw you sweep the flowers up and throw them away.”

some quotes I loved from Dandelions, the unfinished novel by Kawabata

An Illustrated Dictionary of Japanese Onomatopoeic Expressions by Taro Gomi

An Illustrated Dictionary of Japanese Onomatopoeic Expressions

“This dictionary covers only those expressions that are formed by repeating the same sound twice, such as ijiiji and appuappu. In Japanese such words are called kasanekotoba (repeated words).”

uja uja: Describes many small things gathered together and moving, such as a swarm of insects or a crowd of people seen from a distance.”

uzu uzu: Describes someone itching to do something”

gami gami: Describes someone nagging. Griping.”

gun gun: Describes something progressing or growing very rapidly.”

wan wan: Describes a dog’s bark. Bowwow. A child’s word for dog. *Incidentally, a cat mews nya nya, a cow moos mo mo, a pig oinks bu bu, a goat bleat me me, a crow caws ka ka, a sparrow tweets chun chun, and a frog croaks kero kero…”

some info I liked from Taro Gomi’s book on Japanese onomatopoeia 

Hiroshige: Masterworks of Ukiyo-e

Hiroshige

“Hokusai and Hiroshige, who are generally held to be the greatest of the nineteenth century ukiyo-e artists, both died penniless. (Hiroshige’s will contains passages explaining in detail how the mortgage on his newly bought house should be paid off. Hokusai, toward the end of his life, wrote to his publisher asking for money, saying that he had not even enough clothes to keep himself warm.)”

“Unlike most ukiyo-e artists who came mostly from very humble origins, Hiroshige’s family was one of moderate respectability…” [Both he and his dad were fire wardens]

“In [Toyokuni’s] studio at that time were already such noted artists as Kunisada and Kuniyoshi, and had Hiroshige worked with them it is unlikely that he would have had the freedom to develop that he enjoyed under Toyohiro.”

some interesting info I found in the Hiroshige volume of the Masterworks of Ukiyo-e series

The Sumi-e Book by Yolanda Mayhall

the_sumi-e_book

“Sumi-e was woven from four strands, called the Four Gentlemen: Bamboo, Wild Orchid, Chrysanthemums, and Plum Branch.”

“Sumi-e helps the painter remember the beauty of familiar sights: the way a lizard looks and moves on a bamboo leaf, a bird on the wing capturing a butterfly, a dragonfly hovering over twisted grasses, a bee darting from flower to flower.

suzuri – piece of slate the sumi stick is rubbed on

“For most sumi-e compositions, start in the foreground and work back.”

“Paint soft things like fur & downy feathers with a light wash. For harder objects, such as birds’ beaks and legs, use darker, thicker paint.”

some useful information from The Sumi-e Book by Yolanda Mayhall